Stress-Induced Plant Volatiles in Biosphere-Atmosphere System

akronüüm: Sip-Vol+
algus: 2013-05-01
lõpp: 2018-04-30
 
programm: FP7 - Euroopa Liidu 7. raamprogramm
alaprogramm: ERC - Euroopa Teadusnõukogu
instrument: ERC-AG
projektikonkurss: ERC-2012-ADG_20120314
projekti number: 322603
kestus kuudes: 60
partnerite arv: 1
 
lühikokkuvõte: Vegetation forms a key interface between Earth surface and atmosphere. The important role of vegetation carbon, water and energy exchanges is well established, but the overall impact of plant trace gas (VOC) emission for large-scale Earth processes is poorly understood. Although it is widely accepted that VOCs play major roles in the formation of ozone, secondary organic aerosols (SOA) and cloud condensation nuclei (CNN) with potentially profound impacts on air quality and Earth radiative balance, the research has so far focused only on constitutive emissions from species considered “emitters”. However, differently from constitutive VOCs emitted only by certain species, all plant species can be triggered to emit induced VOCs under abiotic and biotic stress. So far, induced high-reactivity VOCs are not considered in global VOC budget, and thus, this proposal tests the key assumption that VOC emissions worldwide have been vastly underestimated. As global change is resulting in higher level of stress in Earth ecosystems, the relevance of induced emissions is further expected to gain in importance. The current project has the overall objective to evaluate the effect of plant-generated VOC emissions on air composition and environment under global change, with particular emphasis on the role of VOCs induced in response to environmental stress. The study first develops a quantitative model linking the strength of the stress and induction of VOCs in species with differing stress tolerance. The model is further verified by flux measurements and scaled up to regional and global scales to assess the contribution of induced emissions to overall VOC budget, and study the feedbacks between stress, ozone, SOA and CNN formation and Earth climate using an hierarchy of available models. The highly cross-disciplinary project results in major advancements in underderstanding determinants of plant stress tolerance and the role of vegetation in atmospheric reactivity and Earth climate.
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1 koordinaator Eesti Maaülikool EE Ülo Niinemets http://www.emu.ee